Daily Compliance Item- 10/24/13- 14.2.3.1, 18.4.1.5, 18.4.1.5.1- NCAA Banned Substance

Ima Dope is a basketball student-athlete at Ocean State University. Ima competed during the 2012-13 academic year but tested positive for an NCAA banned substance after completion of the season. Which of the following is true?

A. Ima is ineligible for a minimum 365 day period.
B. Ima utilized two seasons of competition during the 2012-13 academic year– one for competing and one for testing positive for an NCAA banned substance.
C. Ima must test negative prior to being eligible to compete again.
D. All of the above.

The answer is D. NCAA Educational Column- 10/21/13- Seasons of Competition and Banned Drugs (I)- states that NCAA Division I institutions are reminded that the loss of a season of competition due to a student-athlete testing positive for a banned substance as part of the NCAA testing program is separate from and in addition to any seasons of competition that may have been used by engaging in competition. Therefore, it is possible for a student-athlete to be charged with two seasons of competition during the same academic year.

The following scenarios are intended to assist the membership with the application of the ineligibility for use of banned drugs legislation and its interaction with the seasons of competition legislation.

Scenario 1 (Positive Test Prior to Start of Season).

Year 1: Student-athlete competed and used a season of competition pursuant to the minimum amount of competition legislation (Season No. 1).

Year 2: Student-athlete tested positive for a banned substance prior to the start of the season and is ineligible for a minimum 365-day period. Student-athlete did not participate in any amount of competition during Year 2. Student athlete is charged with a season of competition pursuant to the banned drugs legislation (Season No. 2).

Year 3: Student-athlete competed and used a season of competition pursuant to the minimum amount of competition legislation (Season No. 3).

Year 4: Student-athlete competed and used a season of competition pursuant to the minimum amount of competition legislation (Season No. 4).

Scenario 2 (Positive Test Post Completion of Season).

Year 1: Student-athlete competed and used a season of competition pursuant to the minimum amount of competition legislation (Season No. 1).

Year 2: Student-athlete competed and used a season of competition pursuant to minimum amount of competition legislation (Season No. 2). Student-athlete tested positive for a banned substance after completion of the season. Student athlete is ineligible for a minimum 365-day period and is charged with a season of competition pursuant to the banned drugs legislation (Season No. 3).

Year 3: Student-athlete did not compete during Year 3.

Year 4: Student-athlete competed and used a season of competition pursuant to minimum amount of competition legislation (Season No. 4).

Scenario 3 (Positive Test In Season and Competition Directly Post Reinstatement).

Year 1: Student-athlete competed and used a season of competition pursuant to minimum amount of competition legislation (Season No. 1).

Year 2: Student-athlete competed in the first four contests of Year 2 and used a season of competition pursuant to minimum amount of competition legislation (Season No. 2) before testing positive for a banned substance. Two of the contests in which the student-athlete competed occurred after the time of collection but prior to confirmation of the positive result. Student-athlete is ineligible for a minimum 365-day period and must be withheld from two additional contests after the conclusion of the period of ineligibility. Further, student-athlete is charged with a season of competition pursuant to the banned drugs legislation (Season No. 3).

Year 3: Student-athlete is reinstated during Year 3 after conclusion of the 365-day period and is withheld from two additional contests Student-athlete competed during the remainder of Year 3 and used a season of competition pursuant to the minimum amount of competition legislation (Season No. 4).

Year 4: Student-athlete does not have any seasons of competition remaining.

Scenario 4 (Positive Test In Season and Competition Delayed Post Reinstatement).

Year 1: Student-athlete competed and used a season of competition pursuant to the minimum amount of competition legislation (Season No. 1).

Year 2: Student-athlete competed in the first four contests of Year 2 and used a season of competition pursuant to minimum amount of competition legislation (Season No. 2) before testing positive for a banned substance. Student-athlete is ineligible for a minimum 365-day period and is charged with a season of competition pursuant to the banned drugs legislation (Season No. 3).

Year 3: Student-athlete is reinstated during Year 3 after conclusion of the 365-day period but does not compete in any of the remaining contests. Therefore, student-athlete does not use a season of competition during Year 3.

Year 4: Student-athlete competed and used a season of competition pursuant to minimum amount of competition legislation (Season No. 4).

Division I institutions seeking information on the NCAA Drug Testing Program are directed to NCAA Connect and the link below:
http://www.ncaa.org/wps/myportal/ncaahome?WCM_GLOBAL_CONTEXT=/ncaa/NCAA/Legislation+and+Governance/Eligibility+and+Recruiting/Drug+Testing/

[References: NCAA Division I Bylaws 14.2.3.1 (minimum amount of competition); 18.4.1.5 (ineligibility for use of banned drugs) and 18.4.1.5.1 (duration of ineligibility); and official interpretation (03/04/11, Item No. 4)]

NCAA Bylaw 18.4.1.5.1- a student-athlete who, as a result of a drug test administered by the NCAA, tests positive (in accordance with the testing methods authorized by the Executive Committee) shall be charged with the loss of a minimum of one season of competition in all sports if the season of competition has not yet begun for that student-athlete or a minimum of the equivalent of one full season of competition in all sports if the student-athlete tests positive during his or her season of competition (the remainder of contests in the current season and contests in the following season up to the period of time in which the student-athlete was declared ineligible during the previous year). The student-athlete shall remain ineligible for all regular-season and postseason competition during the time period ending one calendar year (365 days) after the collection of the student-athlete’s positive drug-test specimen and until the student-athlete tests negative (in accordance with the testing methods authorized by the Executive Committee) and the student-athlete’s eligibility is restored by the Committee on Student-Athlete Reinstatement. If the student-athlete participates in any contests from the time of collection until the confirmation of the positive result, he or she must be withheld from an equal number of contests after the 365-day period of ineligibility. (Revised: 1/10/90 effective 8/1/90, 1/16/93, 1/9/96 effective 8/1/96, 1/14/97 effective 8/1/97, 4/28/05 effective 8/1/05, 11/1/07)

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